OSHA Focus Four / Fatal Four : Hazard Recognition & Avoidance – Falls; Electrocution; Struck By; Caught In or Between
John J. Meola, CSP, ARM is an experienced safety practitioner based in Richmond, VA. His specialties include construction safety management and assisting clients with solving hard-to-manage situations. He is an Instructor in Safety & Risk Management at VA Commonwealth University School of Business and an OSHA 500 Construction Community Outreach Trainer. He has written two safety handbooks and is one the Editorial Review Board of Construction Business Owner magazine.
These are the top four categories of loss on construction &
industrial job sites. They constitute a growing number of preventable incidents, with clearly defined protective measures. Statistically, they represent nearly 24% of occupational losses annually. OSHA will likely target their presence and the effectiveness of controls in the inspection and investigation cycles.
The Focus Four are categories of Hazards. Specifically, they are
- Caught In or Between
- Struck By
Pre-job planning should be done to recognize and identify the presence or potential presence of these and other hazards in all work operations. Controls must be specified to address how employees will be protected against specific exposures. This can include the use of JHA’s, JSA’s, AHA’s and other planning activities.
Most safety programs contain some language or procedures addressing fall protection. Less commonly found is language addressing electrical exposures. Rarely do we see language directly aimed at Caught In or Between and Struck By hazards. This is because these last two categories have traditionally sat under the regulatory radar; there is no specific OSHA Standard aimed at controlling these two categories of hazard.
Most of the difficulty with Focus Four recognition lies in the last two categories, Struck By and Caught In or Between. Their numbers are heading off the chart. By contrast, the number of fatalities from Falls and Electrocutions are fairly stable. This is due to the ability of the average person to RECOGNIZE the hazard associated with a open hole in a roof or the presence of a big electrical cable running overhead on the job site.
We will discuss all of the categories and specifically describe how to recognize hazards, actual and potential and the controls available to address each hazard.
- Hazard Recognition
- Hazard Identification
- Hazard Control
- Employee Involvement
- Employee Safety Training
- Self-directed workers
- Direct Supervision
- Fall Protection
- Competent Person
- Tool Tethers
- Working at Heights
- Trench & Excavation
- High Voltage
- High Visibility Apparel
- Spotter/ Ground Guide
- Internal Work Zone Traffic Control Plan (ITCP)
- Job Hazard Analysis
- Activity Hazard Analysis
- EM-385 - US Army Corp of Engineers
- OSHA 1926 Construction Fall Protection
- Personal Fall Arrest System (PFA)
- Fall Protection Harness & Shock Absorbing Lanyard
- Proximity Warning Device
- Back Up Alarm
- Leading & Lagging Indicators
Course Level - Intermediate – requires a working knowledge and understanding of OSHA Fall Protection Standard under General Industry (1910) and Construction (1926)
Who Should Attend
Safety Managers, Safety Directors, Safety Technicians, Compliance Offices, Insurance Loss Control Representatives; HR Managers; Project Managers; Project Engineers; Project Superintendents; Supervisors, Lead Men; Foremen; Quality Control Managers; Safety Trainers; Company Owners
Why Should You Attend
This webinar will explore Hazard Recognition and Identification techniques for small business, to address and control the Focus Four elements. While they are not generally complex, these methods must be deliberate and specific. We will describe the multiple ways to get your crews thinking of these Hazards in advance and build avoidance measures into your daily work practices.